Inger M. Bachmann
- Demographic Change
- Policy Analysis
- Urban Governance
Working title: Civic engagement in urban areas in an aging society – the promotion of senior citizen participation in selected municipalities of Tokyo
Against the background of the ongoing demographic change, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government declared the goal to “build and show the world an urban model for a society with a low birth rate and aging society” in its Tokyo Vision 2020. The 23 wards of Tokyo are to implement appropriate measures to create an environment in which it is easier for older people to be involved in voluntary services, non-profit organizations and community planning.
This project examines how and with what sort of measures selected municipalities in Tokyo are trying to achieve this goal. Using the example of Tokyo’s municipalities it will be analyzed under what institutional and non – institutional settings an increased civic engagement of seniors can be observed. Against the background of current decentralization reforms it is also of interest to what extent the measures of the local governments take account for the local characteristics of each municipality and differ from each other.
The analysis will use the Institutional Analysis and Development (IAD) framework, which has been developed by Elinor Ostrom. The IAD framework is a systematic approach to analyze institutions that govern the actions and results within arrangements of collective action. The theory underlying this approach is related to the public choice theory, but differs in that the behavior of actors is not only based on their personal preferences, but also analyzed in light of the “situational logic”. According to this, the characteristics of actors are influenced by the rules that shape their action situation and thus need be taken into account.