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Deutsches Institut für Japanstudien

Nicola Liscutin

Japanese Literature
(Senior Research Fellows, October 1, 1998 - September 30, 2001)

History – Herstory: Recent Discourses by Japanese Women on Japan – Asia Relations
South-east Asian states have repeatedly asked Japan to play a leading role in the economic and political integration of Asia. However, such demands are almost always accompanied by critical voices warning of a resurgent claim to Japanese hegemony and pointing to Japan’s reluctance to acknowledge its responsibility for its colonial and military past in Asia. Historians of Japan have extensively studied and commented upon the phenomenon of “frozen memory” (Carol Gluck) in Japan’s attitude towards its wartime and postwar history.

As far as the “official”, institutional stance on history is concerned, this is certainly a poignant observation. Yet, since the early nineties, non-state actors have come to play an increasingly active and public role in the Japanese history debate. Japanese NGOs, feminist historians and sociologists belong, among others, to these new political actors who challenge the established narratives and who aim – against all odds – at a rewriting of national history that addresses and recognizes Japan’s responsibilities towards Asian countries and their people. These activities find their theoretical underpinning in some recent paradigm changes in historical research, such as the insistence on women’s agency both in the making and telling of history, or the recognition of oral accounts as historical source material.

My research project concentrates on recent feminist discourses in Japan, particularly those dealing with the issue of the euphemistically called “military comfort women.” Under the three aspects of “gender and nationalism”, “state and sexuality”, and “women and war”, these discourses are analyzed in terms of their contents, their rhetoric as well as their methodological and ideological bases.

The project pursues mainly two goals. Firstly, it will introduce the hitherto little knows efforts of Japanese scholars and activists to increase public awareness of Japan’s colonial and military past in Asia. It will attempt secondly, to answer the questions of whether these new discourses indeed reflect a major paradigm change in the writing of Japanese history, how they can open different ways of communication and cooperation between Asia and Japan, and in which way they may influence constructions of identity among Japanese women.

Modern Women’s Writing and Feminist Literary Criticism in Japan
In recent years, several new studies appeared in anglo-american Japanese studies which analyze modern Japanese women’s writing from a feminist and/or gender perspective. The increasing interest in the subject is more than welcome and has produced some fascinating and inspiring results. A recurrent feature in many of these studies is their reliance on “western” feminist literary theories, while Japanese feminist literary criticism is often neither mentioned nor taken into consideration. The old prejudice that there are no Japanese feminist theories and that Japanese feminism derived from a western “original” seems still very much alive. The numerous texts on modern literature, écriture feminine and feminism written by Saegusa Kazuko (b. 1929), Kōra Rumiko (b. 1932), and Tomioka Taeko (b. 1935) form a powerful and eloquent argument against this view. Their critical writings provide the material for this project on feminist literary criticism in Japan; it is complemented by translations (into German) of a novel by Saegusa which she declared to be “feminist”, and a collection of short stories by Tomioka.

DIJ Projects

Japan in Asia

Publications

Editorship

2001
Newsletter . DIJ Newsletter 14, October 2001. Tokyo: iudicium Verlag.
2000
Japanstudien 12. Essen und Ernährung im modernen Japan. Japanstudien 12. Munich: iudicium Verlag. 343 p., hardcover

Articles

2001
Erotische Zwiegespräche – Feministische Ansätze in der Übersetzung japanischer Literatur (Erotic Dialogues: Feminist Approaches in the Translation of Japanese Literature)
In: Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Irmela (Ed.) Eine gewisse Farbe der Fremdheit - Aspekte des Übersetzens Japanisch-Deutsch-Japanisch (A Certain Shade of Otherness - Aspects of Japanese-German-Japanese Translation). Monographien aus dem Deutschen Institut für Japanstudien 28. Munich: iudicium Verlag. 316 pp., hardcover
2000
[With: Haak, René] Zwischen Burger und Sushi - Essen und Ernährung im modernen Japan. Eine Einführung [Between Burgers and Sushi - Food and Nutrition in Modern Japan]
In: Liscutin, Nicola; Haak, René (Ed.) Japanstudien 12. Essen und Ernährung im modernen Japan. Japanstudien 12. Munich: iudicium Verlag. 343 p., hardcover

Reviews

1997
Reclaiming a Language Taken
In: Fuess, Harald; Meyer-Ohle, Hendrik (Ed.) Japanstudien 9. Dienstleistung und Konsum in den 1990er Jahren. Japanstudien 9. Munich: iudicium Verlag. 405 pp., hardcover

Other Articles

2001
[With: Helmer, Reglindis] Book Reviews
In: Liscutin, Nicola; Hilpert, Hanns Günther (Ed.) Newsletter. DIJ Newsletter 14. Tokyo: iudicium Verlag.
2000
Contested Historiography
In: Legewie, Jochen; Hilpert, Hanns Günther (Ed.) Newsletter. DIJ Newsletter 10. iudicium Verlag.
1999
Book Review
In: Newsletter. DIJ Newsletter 8. München: iudicium Verlag.

Presentations

September 26, 2001
Report on the Peaceboat North South Korea Voyage – “Setting sail for a new Asia”. Report on the Peaceboat North South Korea Voyage – “Setting sail for a new Asia”.

September 21, 2001
Introduction of the Workshop and the Participants. Making History: The Quest for National Identity through History Education.

CV


1998-2001
Research associate at the German Institute for Japanese Studies

From August 94 to July 98
Lecturer for classical and modern Japanese literature as well as women’s studies in the East Asia Department of the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS, London)

1996
Ph.D. with the dissertation “The Social Grammar of Otherness: Sekkyōbushi Texts, Performers and Sociohistorical Context.”

1991-94
Ph.D. candidate at the University of Cambridge

1988-91
Research student at the Department for Theater Studies, Waseda University

1987
M.A. with a thesis on the narrative structures of a medieval storytelling art

1984
Language studies at Kyōto University

1982-87
Studied Japanology, German Literature, and Linguistics at Hamburg University

1957
Born in Dortmund