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Deutsches Institut für Japanstudien
Pan-Asianism in Modern Japanese History


2007, ISBN 9780415372152, Routledge, London/New York


Saaler, Sven
Koschmann, J. Victor


Pan-Asianism in Modern Japanese History

Pan-Asianism in Modern Japanese History

Regionalism has played an increasingly important role in the changing international relations of East Asia in recent decades, with early signs of integration and growing regional cooperation. This in-depth volume analyzes various historical approaches to the construction of a regional order and a regional identity in East Asia. It explores the ideology of Pan-Asianism as a predecessor of contemporary Asian regionalism, which served as the basis for efforts at regional integration in East Asia, but also as a tool for legitimizing Japanese colonial rule. This mobilization of the Asian peoples occurred through a collective regional identity established from cohesive cultural factors such as language, religion, geography and race. In discussing Asian identity, the book succeeds in bringing historical perspective to bear on approaches to regional cooperation and integration, as well as analyzing various utilizations and manifestations of the pan-Asian ideology.

Pan-Asianism in Modern Japanese History provides an illuminating and extensive account of the historical backgrounds of current debates surrounding Asian identity and essential information and analyses for anyone with an interest in history as well as Asian and Japanese studies.


1. Sven Saaler: Pan-Asianism in Modern Japanese History: Overcoming the Nation, Creating a Region, Forging an Empire
Part 1: Creating a Regional Identity: Ideal and Reality

2. Miwa Kimitada: Pan-Asianism in Modern Japan: Nationalism, Regionalism and Universalism

3. Kuroki Morifumi: The Asianism of the Koa-kai and the Ajia Kyokai: Reconsidering the Ambiguity of Asianism

4. Li Narangoa: Universal Values and Pan-Asianism: the Vision of Omotokyo

5. Kato Yoko: Pan-Asianism and National Reorganization: Japanese Perceptions of China and the United States, 1914-1919

Part 2: Regionalism, Nationalism and Ethnocentrism

6. Christopher W. A. Szpilman: Between Pan-Asianism and Nationalism: Mitsukawa Kametaro and his Campaign to Reform Japan and Liberate Asia

7. Dick Stegewerns: Forgotten Leaders of the Interwar Debate on Regional Integration: Introducing Sugimori Kojiro

8. Michael Schneider: Were Women Pan-Asianists the Worst?: Internationalism and Pan-Asianism in the Careers of Inoue Hideko and Inoue Masaji

Part 3: Creating a Regional Hegemony: Japans’s Quest for a “New Order”

9. Roger H. Brown: Visions of a Virtuous Manifest Destiny: Yasuoka Masahiro and Japan’s Kingly Way

10. John Namjun Kim: The Temporality of Empire: The Imperial Cosmopolitanism of Miki Kiyoshi and Tanabe Hajime

11. Kevin M. Doak: The Concept of Ethnic Nationality and its Role in Pan-Asianism in Imperial Japan

Part 4:  Pan-Asianism Adjusted: Wartime to Postwar

12. J. Victor Koschmann: Constructing Destiny: Royama Masamichi and Asian Regionalism in Wartime Japan

13. Oguma Eiji: The Postwar Intellectuals’ View of “Asia”

14. Kristine Dennehy: Overcoming Colonialism in Bandung, 1955

15. Hatsuse Ryuhei: Pan-Asianism in International Relations: Prewar, Postwar, and Present