Deutsches Institut für Japanstudien
3-3-6 Kudan-Minami, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0074
Tel: 03 – 3222 5198, Fax: 03 – 3222 5420
The lecture will be given in English. It will take place on Tuesday, July 5th 2005 at 6.30 p.m. at the DIJ. Admission is free, but please register with Ms. Dinkel at the DIJ.
Postindustrial Pressures, Political Regime Shifts, and Social Policy Reform in Japan and South Korea (Postindustrielle Spannungsverhältnisse, Veränderungen im politischen System und sozialpolitische Reformen in Japan und Südkorea)
5. Juli 2005 / 18:30
Ito Peng, Professor, University of Toronto
This paper examines how postindustrial pressures and political changes have shaped recent social policy reforms in Japan and South Korea. Postindustrial pressures are categorized into exogenous and endogenous factors: exogenous being economic globalization and internationalization, endogenous being changing family and gender relations and demographic shifts such as population ageing and declining fertility. The conventional approach to East Asian welfare states no longer adequately explains recent social welfare policy changes in the region, marked by trends towards welfare state expansion. I argue that the interactions between postindustrial and domestic political factors provide credible explanations for welfare state policy changes observed in these countries in the 1990s.
Ito Peng is Associate Professor of Political Sociology at the Department of Sociology, University of Toronto, Canada. She teaches comparative social policy, comparative welfare states, and gender and welfare states. Her current research include: 1) comparative study of welfare state responses to postindustrial pressures in Japan, Korea, Italy, and Spain; 2) social policy reforms and gender in Japan, Korea, and Taiwan; and 3) civil society engagements in social policy reforms in Japan and Korea. Her most recent papers were published in the Journal of East Asian Studies, the American Asian Review, and in Social Politics.