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Venue

Tyuusyuu Memorial Hall
Nishogakusha University
6-16 Sanbancho
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8336

Co-organizers

Shigeki Tejima; Dennis Tachiki

Registration Info

Everybody is welcome to attend, but kindly asked to register by May 19th at



Nishogakusha University (conference site) & German Institute for Japanese Studies. Supported by the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany, Japan Institute for Overseas Investment

Pathways to Innovation: Policies, Products, and Processes for Competitive Advantage in a Global Economy

May 20 - May 21, 2005

 Our conference discussion begins with a definition of “innovation” as the introduction of new or improved products, production techniques and organizational structures, as well as the discovery of new markets, and the use of new input factors (Schumpeter 1934).  Historically East Asian countries and companies tend to adopt innovations from developed countries (Kim 1997), but in recent years this region has moved beyond imitation to become a global manufacturing base.  Past studies have shown how this has led to increases in productivity and competitiveness (Porter 2002) and subsequently to economic growth (Pavitt 1999; Yusuf 2003).  Following these analytical threads, the particular focus of this conference is articulating the pathways to innovation.
Despite the best efforts of countries and companies to protect their intellectual property, innovation tends to migrate across organizational, national, and regional boundaries (Ernst 2003).  The rise of South Korea, Taiwan, China and India as locations for technology-intensive industries (e.g., electronics, software, etc.) leads us to question traditional “industrial upgrading” theories arguing that technology flows from developed to developing countries.  Re-examining the national and international nexus brings back into view how innovations can flow from developing countries to developed countries as well.  
Since most studies tend to examine the “structural” prerequisites for innovation, they neglect to “socially embed” the paths to innovation.  This embedded approach brings into relief the institutions and social actors necessary for innovation.  The role of policymakers, businesses, and universities/research institutes is important for understanding how the “rules of the game” facilitate and hinder the emergence of innovations.  Policymakers create “economic space” for new markets; entrepreneurs enter these nascent markets with new products.  We examine the role of policymakers and business people in separate sessions, followed by a session on the role of “public private partnerships” in creating pathways to innovation.  These exogenous factors then provide the context for understanding how variations in the “intra-firm” paths to innovation affect company performance.
When the rules of the game change what consequences does this have or not have on a country’s technological capacity?  Given our understanding of the policy instruments, economic institutions, and governance structures derived from this conference, the final session examines whether the pathways to innovation in developed and developing countries has led to economic development.  Pursuing this line of discussion during our conference should reveal future pathways to innovation and a better way of life.

Presentations

Day 1         May 20th (Friday)

08:45 ~
Registration

09:30 – 10:00
OPENING SESSION

German Institute for Japanese Studies

Florian Coulmas


German Institute for Japanese Studies

Nishogakusha University

Kanichi Imanishi (President)

German Embassy

Thomas Schröder (Counsellor)

10:00 – 10:30
Session 1 - PATHWAYS TO INNOVATION

Chair

Dennis Tachiki (Tamagawa University)

Mutual Prosperity in Asia Through Innovation
- Slides

Shigeki Tejima (Nishogakusha University)

Pathways to Innovation: Policies, Products, and Processes for Competitive Advantage in a Global Economy
- Slides

René Haak


German Institute for Japanese Studies

11:00 – 12:30
Session 2 - CONFIGURING INNOVATION SYSTEMS: Moving Beyond National and Organizational Boundaries

Chair

Shigeki Tejima (Nishogakusha University)

Internationalization of Innovation - Why is Chip Design Moving to Asia? Drivers and Policy Implications
- Slides

Dieter Ernst (East West Center)

The Korean Innovation System: From Industrial Catch-Up to Technological Leadership?
- Slides

Martin Hemmert (Korea University)

Changing National Innovation System of Japan? From Large Firms to Network System
- Slides

Kazuyuki Motohashi (University of Tokyo)

Discussant

Markus Pudelko (University of Edinburgh Management School)

12:30 – 14:00
Lunch

14:00 – 15:30
Session 3 - BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY TRILOGY: Commercializing Information Technology, Biotechnology, and Nano-technology

Chair

René Haak


German Institute for Japanese Studies

New IT Business Models in the ‘Asian Age’: Multilateral Collaboration and Business Innovation
- Slides

Kiyoshu Urakami (Urakami Asia Management Research)

Introduction of Healthcare IT Solutions in the Japanese Market

Wolfgang Beitz (Siemens)

The New Business Approach of Bayer Material Science

Georg Wiessmeier (Bayer AG)

Discussant

Andreas Moerke


German Institute for Japanese Studies

15:30 – 16:00
Break

16:00 – 17:00
Session 4 - DOES POLICY MATTER? The Scope and Limits to Innovation Policies

White Biotech in Germany - Chances and Obstacles
- Slides

Klaus Bellman (University of Mainz)

Intellectual Property Rights Strategies in Japan
- Slides

Ichiro Nakayama (Cabinet IP Promotion Office and Shinshu University)

Discussant

Martin Hemmert (Korea University)

17:00 – 17:15
Summary (First Day)

René Haak


German Institute for Japanese Studies

Shigeki Tejima, Dennis Tachiki

Day 2         May 21st (Saturday)

10:30 – 12:00
Session 5 - PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS: Inter-firm, Industrial, and Geographical Clustering

Chair

René Haak


German Institute for Japanese Studies

R&D and Innovation by Japanese Firms in Japan and Foreign Countries, Especially in Asian Countries
- Slides

Shigeki Tejima (Nishogakusha University)

Industrial Clustering in the Chubu Region of Japan
- Slides

Seiichi Matsuyama (Chubu University)

Discussant

Masatsugu Tsuji (Osaka University)

12:00 – 13:30
Lunch

13:30 – 15:00
Session 6 - ORGANIZING FOR INNOVATION: Company Strategies and Market Performance

Chair

Lorenz Granrath (Fraunhofer Society)

Antecedents of Innovation Performance at the Firm Level
- Slides

Holger Ernst (Otto Beisheim Graduate School of Management)

Impact of Behavioural Factors on Innovation Performance. An Evolutionary Approach with a Simulation Model for IT-Companies in Japan and Germany
- Slides

Monika Friedrich-Nishio (University of Karlsruhe)

Corporate R&D Activity Today in Japan

Yoshihide Ishiyama (Chiba University of Commerce)

Discussant

Dennis Tachiki (Tamagawa University)

15:00 – 15:30
Break

15:30 – 17:00
Session 7 - CONSEQUENCES OF INNOVATION: Re-thinking Pathways to Economic Development

Chair

Manfred Hoffman (German Chamber of Commerce and Industry)

How Different Cultures and Business Systems Translate into Different Pathways to Innovation: A Comparative Analysis of USA and Japan
- Slides

Markus Pudelko (University of Edinburgh Management School)

The China Phenomena and South Korean Turmoil: What’s Wrong with Traditional Theories of Development?
- Slides

Toshiyuki Tamura (Nishogakusha University)

Industrial Agglomeration: Facts and Lessons for Developing Countries
- Slides

Masatsugu Tsuji (Osaka University)

Discussant

Dieter Ernst (East West Center)

17:00
CLOSING SESSION

René Haak


German Institute for Japanese Studies

Shigeki Tejima, Dennis Tachiki

Day 1         May 20th (Friday)

10:30 - 11:00
Break