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Deutsches Institut für Japanstudien

ドイツ日本研究所

ドイツ日本研究所は東京に拠点を持つドイツの研究機関である。現代日本をグローバル化する世界というコンテキストにおいて研究することがDIJの研究課題である。

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イベント&アクティビティ

イベント
2017年2月23日

Who pays for whom? Intergenerational transfers in Japan and Germany

Population ageing tends to increase the share of financially dependent members in a given society, which is why it is often assumed to be a trigger for generational conflict. The data on this question paint an ambivalent picture. On the one hand, in many post-industrial economies, today’s younger birth cohorts are put at a disadvantage in the labour market and also in terms of public sector spending compared to older cohorts. On the other hand, there is a tendency of private transfers inside the family to flow downwards – from old to young. It appears that a potential generational conflict in the public domain (welfare state, labour market) is at least partly balanced in the family domain. To what extent this is the case will be analysed by using data from National Transfer Accounts, an internationally harmonized macro-level database of financial intergenerational transfers.

Speakers:
Naohiro Ogawa is a population economist who specializes in studying the effects of demographic change on economic growth and social security systems.

Gerhard Naegele has been a professor of gerontology at the Technical University of Dortmund, Institute of Gerontology since 1992.

Scheduled:
February 23, 2017 | 6:30 P.M. – 8:00 P.M.

イベント
2017年2月28日

Are the elderly a cost factor for society or its safety net? A comparison of family regimes and National Transfer Accounts data in Germany and Japan

Various works have argued that ageing societies’ increasing dependency ratios provoke generational conflict over scarce financial resources. In post-industrial economies, younger cohorts face disadvantages in the labour market and regarding the generosity of the welfare state compared to previous generations. However, there has also been the tendency to alleviate these imbalances through informal inter-generational family transfers. Comparing Japan and Germany – two of the fastest aging societies worldwide – this presentation investigates whether and to what extent the family can serve as a bulwark against potential generational conflict.

With regard to demographic and household-financial dynamics and policy responses, the presentation will compare differences in the capacity of families to serve as an inter-generational safety net.

Scheduled:
February 28, 2017 | 6:30 P.M. – 8:00 P.M.

イベント
2017年2月7日

Book Launch: Social Inequality in Post-Growth Japan Transformation during Economic and Demographic Stagnation

Speakers:
David Chiavacci
Mercator Professor in Social Science of Japan, University of Zurich
Carola Hommerich
Associate Professor of Sociology, Hokkaido University
Sawako Shirahase
Professor of Sociology, The University of Tokyo

In recent decades Japan has changed from a strongly growing, economically successful country regarded as prime example of social equality and inclusion to a country with a stagnating economy, a shrinking population and a very high proportion of elderly people. New forms of inequality have been emerging and deepening, and a new perception of Japan as “gap society” (kakusa shakai) has become commonly acknowledged.
The book provides a comprehensive overview of inequality in contemporary Japan. It examines inequality in labor and employment, welfare and family, education and social mobility, in the urban-rural divide, and with regard to immigration, ethnic minorities and gender.

イベント
2017年1月26日

The Ideologue and Activist Ōkawa Shūmei (1886-1957)

Ōkawa Shūmei is generally known for his involvement in the Japanese right-wing movement that led to his arrest after the “Incident of May 15” in 1932. Ōkawas activities after his release from prison in 1937 until his indictment as a war criminal in 1946 have not been explored widely.

Ōkawa was a prolific writer who covered diverse topics, including religion, Asianism, the Indian independence movement, colonial history, Japanese history and the “Japanese spirit”. This talk will summarize Ōkawas life, his thinking and his actions against the background of his times. In this context it will also explore the Japanese ideological concept of the “national essence” (kokutai), the tensions between collectivism and statism (kokka shugi) vs. individualism, and political utopianism in the Japanese far right before 1945.

主要著作

Fully reserve backed money – a solution to Japan’s fiscal and monetary challenges

The paper argues that Japan’s legislators should use this window of opportunity to introduce 100% de jure reserve requirements for transfer deposits.

Such a move would not only take advantage of the benefits propagated by supporters of a reserve-backed regime. The implied BoJ’s balance sheet expansion would allow the Bank to further purchase JGBs. As the expansion would be permanent, the regime shift would not only stabilize the government’s fiscal condition, the BoJ, too, would no longer have to worry about exiting its policy of quantitative easing. Both the government and the central bank could focus on their primary policy goals.

その他
2017年1月1日

🐔 Frohes neues Jahr!

Das DIJ Tokyo wünscht ein erfolgreiches,
glückliches und vor allem friedliches Jahr

あけましておめでとうございます!

その他

Job opportunity: Two Postdoctoral Fellowship Positions

The Max Weber Foundation represented by the German Institute for Japanese Studies and the Departments of Geography and Southeast Asian Studies in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, National University of Singapore, are seeking to appoint two postdoctoral fellows for the newly established research group on “Borders, Mobility and New Infrastructures“.

For more details please refer to:

http://www.fas.nus.edu.sg/geog/
(Click on the link that says: “Job opportunity: Two Postdoctoral Fellowship Positions in Borders, Mobility and New Infrastructures, deadline 31 January 2017”)

For a direct link click here. (PDF, 29KB)

イベント
2016年12月8日

Emperor Hirohito from the Pacific War to the Cold War

Emperor Showa, better known in the English-speaking world as Emperor Hirohito, has been one of the most controversial figures in the history of the Pacific War. He was both sovereign of the state and commander in chief of the Japanese imperial forces; but above all, he was the manifestation of divinity and a symbol of the national and cultural identity of Japan. Yet under the Allied occupation the emperor was spared from the Tokyo war crimes trial and continued to reign in postwar Japan until his death in 1989 as “the symbol of the state and of the unity of the people” under the new democratic constitution written by the U.S. occupiers.

This talk will examine the extraordinary transformation of Emperor Hirohito from a divine monarch during the Pacific War to a humanized symbolic monarch supposedly with no political power during the occupation years (1945-1952). The talk will focus on the paradoxical role Emperor Hirohito played at home and abroad as tension between the United States and the Soviet Union escalated into the Cold War in East Asia.

最新イベント

2017/02/20
  • その他のイベント
    18:30 ~ 20:00

    「政府債務-ドイツはなぜ財政健全化を重視するのか?」 → finished check-red

2017/02/23
  • DIJ フォーラム
    18:30 ~ 20:00

    "Who pays for whom? Intergenerational transfers in Japan and Germany"

2017/02/28
  • DIJ 社会科学研究会
    18:30 ~ 20:00

    "Are the elderly a cost factor for society or its safety net? A comparison of family regimes and National Transfer Accounts data in Germany and Japan"


Call for Papers

Contemporary Japan
Issue 30, No. 1

Max Weber Foundation
Conference 2017

German Historical Institute, Moscow
“Revolutionary Biographies in the 19th and 20th Century. Imperial – Inter/national – Decolonial”

道案内

ドイツ-日本研究所
〒102-0094 東京都千代田区
紀尾井町7-1 上智紀尾井坂ビル 2F
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[ 💡 Veranstaltung ] "Staatsverschuldung – Warum setzt Deutschland auf Konsolidierung?" 📅 2017/02/20 🔎… t.co/37CBkjZhC6

 

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