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Deutsches Institut für Japanstudien

Jochen Legewie

Economics, Economic Geography
(Senior Research Fellows, October 1, 1996 - February 28, 2001)

Internationalization Strategies of Japanese Companies


With the exception of a few multinational players like Toyota or Sony, most Japanese companies are far less internationalized than their competitors from other industrialized countries. Since the late 1980s, however, internationalization has progressed rapidly with many firms making strong inroads into Asia. Here, analysis begins with the recent internationalization strategies of Japanese firms and the various current development paths adopted by different industries and companies. It continues by comparing the internationalization strategies of Japanese companies with their European and US competitors. The analysis focuses on Asia, within that it emphasis the automobile industry in particular.


International Human Resource Management

Human resource management and personnel management policies of Japanese firms used to be regarded as a special strength of a distinctive Japanese management style. This view has been increasingly challenged in the low growth era of the 1990s. In particular the applicability of Japanese human resource practices to international operations has been criticized, especially with regard to the control and coordination of Japanese overseas subsidiaries. Hence this analysis of Japanese firms focuses on the interplay between international control and coordination mechanisms and the employment of particular human resource management practices. Special emphasis is laid on examining the role of Japanese expatriates with a regional focus on activities in Asia.

The Political Economy of the Integration Process in Asia


Since the 1980s, regional trade and investment in East Asian countries has intensified. Since the early 1990s, a similar intensification has taken place at the level of political relations within the region. Within this integration process, Japanese actors play a crucial role in both the economic and political arena. At the micro level, examples include production networks. At the macro level, examples include official development assistance. In addition to analyzing the role of Japanese business networks in the region the research focuses on the role of Japanese foreign policy within supranational economic groupings like APEC, EAEC, and ASEAN+3. Special emphasis is given to an analysis of changes since the start of the Asian crisis in 1997.


Transport and Logistics


In the last 20 years quantitative and qualitative changes in transport requirements for persons and goods have led to major changes in transportation not only in demand but also in Japan’s overall transport capacity. Investigation focuses on present those tendencies in freight transport that originate in the fundamental material and spatial reorganization of business logistics.

DIJ Projects

Japan in Asia

Completed DIJ Projects

The Internationalization of the Japanese Economy

Selected Publications

Editorship

2002
[With: Meyer-Ohle, Hendrik; Hirasawa, Katsuhiko] 日欧多国籍企業のアジア戦略。アジア経済危機後の展開(Strategy to Asia). DIJ Publications. Tōkyō: Hakutō shobō. xi, 270 p.
2000
[With: Meyer-Ohle, Hendrik] Corporate Strategies for Southeast Asia: A Comparison of Multinational Firms from Japan and Europe. DIJ Publications. Basingstoke, New York: Palgrave. xvii, 261 pp.
2000
[With: Blechinger, Verena] Facing Asia - Japan's Role in the Political and Economic Dynamism of Regional Cooperation. Monographien aus dem Deutschen Institut für Japanstudien. Munich: iudicium Verlag. 328 p., hardcover
2000
[With: Hilpert, Hanns Günther] Newsletter. DIJ Newsletter. iudicium Verlag.
1998
[With: Blechinger, Verena] Japanstudien 10. Japans neue Rolle in Asien. Japanstudien. Munich: iudicium Verlag. 431 p., hardcover

Articles

2002
[With: Meyer-Ohle, Hendrik] 経済危機と東南アジアの変化 -多国籍企業の役割-
In: Hirasawa, Katsuhiko; Legewie, Jochen; Meyer-Ohle, Hendrik (Ed.) 日欧多国籍企業のアジア戦略。アジア経済危機後の展開(Strategy to Asia). DIJ Publications. Tōkyō: Hakutō shobō. p.235-254.
2002
日本企業の生産戦略 -域内生産ネットワークの形成-
In: Hirasawa, Katsuhiko; Legewie, Jochen; Meyer-Ohle, Hendrik (Ed.) 日欧多国籍企業のアジア戦略。アジア経済危機後の展開(Strategy to Asia). DIJ Publications. Tōkyō: Hakutō shobō. p.79-105.
2000
[With: Meyer-Ohle, Hendrik] Economic Crisis and Transformation in Southeast Asia: The Role of Multinational Companies
In: Meyer-Ohle, Hendrik; Legewie, Jochen (Ed.) Corporate Strategies for Southeast Asia: A Comparison of Multinational Firms from Japan and Europe. DIJ Publications. Basingstoke, New York: Palgrave. p.231-250.
2000
Production Strategies of Japanese Firms: Building up a Regional Production Network
In: Meyer-Ohle, Hendrik; Legewie, Jochen (Ed.) Corporate Strategies for Southeast Asia: A Comparison of Multinational Firms from Japan and Europe. DIJ Publications. Basingstoke, New York: Palgrave. p.74-99.
2000
Produktionsstrategien für Südostasien nach der Krise: Europäische, amerikanische und japanische Firmen im Vergleich
In: Japan Analysen Prognosen 166. p. 1-25.
2000
The Political Economy of Industrial Integration in ASEAN – The Role of Japanese Companies
In: Journal of Asia Pacific Economy 5, 3. p. 204-233.
2000
Driving Regional Integration: Japanese Firms and the Development of the ASEAN Automobile Industry
In: Blechinger, Verena; Legewie, Jochen (Ed.) Facing Asia - Japan's Role in the Political and Economic Dynamism of Regional Cooperation. Monographien aus dem Deutschen Institut für Japanstudien. Munich: iudicium Verlag. pp. 217-245.
2000
[With: Blechinger, Verena] Action and Reaction, Direct and Indirect Leadership: Re-evaluating Japan's Role in Asian Regional Cooperation
In: Blechinger, Verena; Legewie, Jochen (Ed.) Facing Asia - Japan's Role in the Political and Economic Dynamism of Regional Cooperation. Monographien aus dem Deutschen Institut für Japanstudien. Munich: iudicium Verlag. pp. 297-324.
1999
Voran im Schrittempo: Japanische Unternehmen und die Entwicklung der Automobilindustrie in Südostasien
In: Japan Analysen Prognosen 161, November 1999. p. 1–30.
1999
Manufacturing Strategies for Southeast Asia after the Crisis: European, US and Japanese Firms
In: Business Strategy Review 10, 4. p. 55–64.
1999
Kooperationen deutscher und japanischer Unternehmen in Asien
In: Meyer-Ohle, Hendrik; Legewie, Jochen (Ed.) Japans Wirtschaft im Umbruch: Schlaglichter aus dem Deutschen Institut für Japanstudien (The Japanese Economy in Transition : Highlights Presented by the German Institute for Japanese Studies). DIJ Publications. Munich: iudicium Verlag. p.85-88.
1999
Standortdebatte Japan - Exportieren Auslandsinvestitionen Arbeitsplätze?
In: Meyer-Ohle, Hendrik; Legewie, Jochen (Ed.) Japans Wirtschaft im Umbruch: Schlaglichter aus dem Deutschen Institut für Japanstudien (The Japanese Economy in Transition : Highlights Presented by the German Institute for Japanese Studies). DIJ Publications. Munich: iudicium Verlag. p.89-92.
1999
The impact of FDI on domestic employment: the phenomenon of industrial hollowing out in Japan
In: Nick Phelps, Jeremy Alden (Ed.) Foreign Direct Investment and the Global Economy: Corporate and Institutional Dynamics of Global-Localisation. London: The Stationery Office/Regional Studies Association. S. 179–199.
1999
Beschäftigungswirkungen von Auslandsinvestitionen: das Beispiel Japan
In: Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik 48, 1. p. 27–44.
1999
Japanische Pläne einer neuen Finanzarchitektur für Asien
In: Meyer-Ohle, Hendrik; Legewie, Jochen (Ed.) Japans Wirtschaft im Umbruch: Schlaglichter aus dem Deutschen Institut für Japanstudien (The Japanese Economy in Transition : Highlights Presented by the German Institute for Japanese Studies). DIJ Publications. Munich: iudicium Verlag. p.27-30.
1999
Mergers and Acquisitions durch ausländische Unternehmen
In: Meyer-Ohle, Hendrik; Legewie, Jochen (Ed.) Japans Wirtschaft im Umbruch: Schlaglichter aus dem Deutschen Institut für Japanstudien (The Japanese Economy in Transition : Highlights Presented by the German Institute for Japanese Studies). DIJ Publications. Munich: iudicium Verlag. p.51-54.
1999
Transportlogistik in der Industrie - just in time oder just im Stau?
In: Meyer-Ohle, Hendrik; Legewie, Jochen (Ed.) Japans Wirtschaft im Umbruch: Schlaglichter aus dem Deutschen Institut für Japanstudien (The Japanese Economy in Transition : Highlights Presented by the German Institute for Japanese Studies). DIJ Publications. Munich: iudicium Verlag. p.69-72.
1998
Japanische Direktinvestitionen im asiatisch-pazifischen Raum
In: Praxis Geographie 9/1998. p. 28–33.
1998
Außenwirtschaftliche Verflechtungen
In: Deutsches Institut für Japanstudien (Ed.) Die Wirtschaft Japans: Strukturen zwischen Kontinuität und Wandel (Japan's Economy: Structures between Continuity and Change). DIJ Publications. Berlin: Springer Verlag. pp. 293–316.
1998
Infrastruktur: Energie, Verkehr, Telekommunikation
In: Deutsches Institut für Japanstudien (Ed.) Die Wirtschaft Japans: Strukturen zwischen Kontinuität und Wandel (Japan's Economy: Structures between Continuity and Change). DIJ Publications. Berlin: Springer Verlag. pp. 79–105.
1998
Wirtschaftliche Integration der ASEAN: Zur Rolle japanischer Unternehmen bei Entstehung und Umsetzung industrieller Kooperationskonzepte [Economic Integration of the ASEAN: the Role of Japanese Companies within the Formation and Implementation of Industrial Cooperation Schemes]
In: Blechinger, Verena; Legewie, Jochen (Ed.) Japanstudien 10. Japans neue Rolle in Asien. Japanstudien. Munich: iudicium Verlag. p. 215-247.
1998
[With: Blechinger, Verena] Japans neue Rolle in Asien: Einleitung [Japan's New Role in Asia: Introduction]
In: Blechinger, Verena; Legewie, Jochen (Ed.) Japanstudien 10. Japans neue Rolle in Asien. Japanstudien. Munich: iudicium Verlag. p.15-25.
1997
Verkehrsentwicklung in Japan - Spezifische Probleme und Lösungsansätze
In: Internationales Verkehrswesen 4/1997. p. 152-156.
1996
Innovation aus Stillstand - Verkehr in Japan
In: PIM/CEMS Journal, No. 2, 12/1996. S. 28-30.
1996
Tendenzen der Transportlogistik in Japan am Beispiel ausgewählter Branchen
In: Logistik im Unternehmen, Nov./Dez. 1996. p. 38-40.
1996
Reorganisationstendenzen im industriellen Gütertransport
In: Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie, H. 4. p. 233-246.
1995
Nordrhein-Westfalen als Standort für japanische Produktionsstätten im nationalen und europäsichen Vergleich
In: Ewald Gläßer (Ed.) Kölner Forschungen zur Wirtschafts-und Sozialgeographie 44: Wirtschaftsgeographische Entwicklungen in Nordrhein-Westfalen. Köln: p. 159-188.
1995
Der Straßengüterverkehr und die Belastung der Umwelt - Probleme und Lösungsansätze in Japan [Freight Road Transport and the Damage to the Environment - Problems and Ways of Solution in Japan]
In: Hemmert, Martin; Lützeler, Ralph (Ed.) Japanstudien 6. Raum. Japanstudien. Munich: iudicium Verlag. p. 47-78.

Working Papers (Book)

2000
[With: Legewie, Jochen] Control and coordination of Japanese Subsidiaries in China - Problems of an Expatriate-Based Management System . Working Papers. Tōkyō: Deutsches Institut für Japanstudien.
1999
[With: Legewie, Jochen] Driving Regional Integration: Japanese Firms and the Development of the ASEAN Automobile Industry. Working Papers. Tōkyō: Deutsches Institut für Japanstudien.
1999
[With: Legewie, Jochen] Economic Crisis and Transformation in Southeast Asia: Strategic Responses by Japanese Firms in the Area of Production. Working Papers. Tōkyō: Deutsches Institut für Japanstudien.
1998
[With: Legewie, Jochen] The Political Economy of Industrial Integration in Southeast Asia: The Role of Japanese Companies. Working Papers. Tōkyō: Deutsches Institut für Japanstudien.
1997
[With: Legewie, Jochen] Foreign Direct Investment, Trade, and Employment: The Role of Asia within the Discussion of Industrial Hollowing Out in Japan. Working Papers. Tōkyō: Deutsches Institut für Japanstudien.

Newspaper Articles

2000
Expat-run Japanese firms miss China boat
In: The Nikkei Weekly 10/30/2000. p. 7.
2000
ASEAN Resists Opening Car Markets
In: The Nikkei Weekly 5/29/2000. p. 7.
2000
Cars Get no Vroom from AFTA
In: Far Eastern Economic Review. S. 32.

Other Articles

2001
[With: Kreitz-Sandberg, Susanne] Book Reviews
In: Bollinger, Richmod; Conrad, Harald (Ed.) Newsletter. DIJ Newsletter. Tokyo: iudicium Verlag.
2000
Japan: Direkte Abkommen gewinnen an Reiz
In: Asia Bridge.
2000
[With: Raupach-Sumiya, Jörg; Hilpert, Hanns Günther; Haak, René] Die Wirtschaftsabteilung des Deutschen Instituts für Japanstudien
In: Deutsche Industrie- und Handelskammer in Japan (Ed.) Japan Markt, April 2000 (Wissenschaft und Praxis). Tokyo: p. 22-23.
2000
Merck – Glänzendes Nischenprodukt
In: Asia Bridge, März 2000. p. 9.
1999
Japans Finanzinitiative für Asien
In: Japan Markt, Februar 1999. p. 18-19.
1999
[With: Meyer-Ohle, Hendrik] A Post-Crisis Shift in Strategy?
In: Newsletter. DIJ Newsletter. München: iudicium Verlag.
1998
Industrielle Integration der ASEAN-Staaten: Zur Rolle japanischer Unternehmen beim aktuellen AICO-Konzept
In: Japan Markt, Juli 1998. p. 20–22.
1998
Stärke durch Kooperation
In: Asia Bridge, January 1998. S. 17.
1997
Kooperationen deutscher und japanischer Unternehmen in Asien
In: Japan Markt Dezember, 1997. p. 17-18.
1997
Japanische Hersteller geben Gas
In: Asia Bridge Nr. 9.
1996
Transportlogistik in der Industrie: Trend zum Zentrallager
In: Japan Markt, Dezember 1996. p. 21-22.

Presentations

September 1, 1997
Stärke durch Kooperation - japanische und deutsche Unternehmen in Asien. Japan - Konkurrent und Partner im globalen Wettbewerb (Japan - Rival and Partner in Global Competition).

August 27, 1997
The Hollowing Out of Japanese Industry and its Effects on Employment in Japan. The Japanese Employment System in Transition.

March 12, 1997
Introduction. Globalization of the Automotive Industry: Japan as Model, Competitor, or Bridgehead in Asia?.

October 8, 1998
Driving Industrial Integration: Japanese Firms and the Automobile Industry in Southeast Asia. Regional Cooperation in Asia: Will Japan stand up toa Leadership Role?.

June 17, 1999

June 15, 2000
Managing the global-local dilemma: Control and coordination of Japanese operations in China. Economic Relations between Japan and China: Current State and Perspectives.

CV


1999 -2000
Deputy Director and Head of the Economics Section

1996 - 2000
Research associate at the German Institute for Japanese Studies

1996
Awarded doctorate from the University of Cologne

October 1993-September 1994
Research fellow at Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo

October 1992-September 1996
Research associate at the Institute of Economic and Social Geography at the University of Cologne

1992
Awarded diploma in Economics from the University of Cologne

1986-1992
Studied Economics and Economic Geography at the University of Cologne and Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo

1965
Born in Dorsten